Kinder Institute Reports and Presentations

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    Investigating Equity in Art Course Taking Across HISD High Schools
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2024) Freeman, Daniel Mackin; Bowen, Daniel H.
    This study assesses the extent to which national trends in inequitable arts learning opportunity (in terms of secondary school course offerings and enrollment) occur in the Houston Independent School District (HISD).
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    Campus Variation in Grade Retention and Course Failure Rates After Attending Summer School in Houston ISD
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2024) Thrash, Courtney; Pham, Annie; Hood, Stacey
    This brief examines summer school retention and course failure rates at schools throughout the district to determine which schools have higher rates relative to other schools in the district. It also looks at what characteristics are associated with a student being retained after summer school and failing a course in summer school.
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    STEM Endorsement and the Pathway to College
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2024) Holzman, Brian; Lewis, Bethany; Ma, Hao
    This series of briefs looks at a variety of factors for students in choosing and completing the STEM endorsement in Houston ISD, including access, race, gender and academic achievement. The briefs also examine whether endorsement completion predicts college enrollment.
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    Parks and Greenspace Equity Indicators: A Neighborhood-Level Study in Harris County
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Potter, Daniel; Sherman, Stephen Averill; Guajardo, Luis; Wang, Jay
    Utilizing Trust for Public Land ParkServe data along with information from the American Community Survey, this report examines the extent to which the diverse populations and neighborhoods of Houston and Harris County have access to parks and greenspace.
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    Newcomer Schools in Houston ISD: Examining Student Enrollment and Outcomes
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2024) Holzman, Brian; Cigarroa Kennedy, Camila; Thomas, Tori; Chin, Aimee
    Newcomer programs aim to serve newly arrived immigrant students by providing specialized instruction and nonacademic support beyond what is offered in traditional English learner classrooms. This series of briefs looks at what characteristics predict whether students and families choose to enroll in newcomer programs.
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    College and Workforce Outcomes of CTE Graduates in Houston
    (Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Sánchez-Soto, Gabriela; Gill, Patrick; Bao, Katharine Y.; Thomas, Tori
    Career and technical education (CTE) has been identified as an important connection between students and the labor market. This series of briefs presented findings on postsecondary education outcomes, such as college enrollment and degree attainment, as well as workforce outcomes, such as employment and earnings, and how college degree attainment influences workforce success.
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    Examining Equitable Access to Health Resources, Support Staff and Technology Across HISD
    (Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Kinder Institute for Urban Research
    This series of briefs examined whether students across different Houston Independent School District campuses had equitable access to health resources, support staff and technology.
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    Funding Houston's Parks and Greenspace
    (Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Potter, Daniel; Williams, Lee; Glanzer, Anna; Niznik, Aaron; Dawson, Lauren; Tobin, Alec; Pren, Karen
    The report consists of 1) an analysis of parks spending reported to the Trust for Public Land, 2) a survey of Houston-area residents about their park experiences, and 3) interviews with the city’s most recent mayors—Bill White, Annise Parker, and Sylvester Turner—to learn how city leaders have handled funding challenges.
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    Election 2023: Priorities and Concerns of Houston Residents
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Potter, Daniel; Glanzer, Anna; Perez, Katherine; Tobin, Alec; Pren, Karen
    This report amplifies the city of Houston's challenges, opportunities and aspirations, and what residents would like to see done by the next mayor.
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    Equity in the Classroom: Teacher Qualifications and Student Outcomes in HISD (Briefs 1-3)
    (Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2023) Thomas, Tori; Sánchez-Soto, Gabriela
    This series of briefs focuses on teacher qualifications and student outcomes in the Houston Independent School District.
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    The 2023 State of Housing in Harris County and Houston
    (Rice University, 2023) Potter, Daniel; Sherman, Stephen Averill; Kim, Andrew; Tobin, Alec
    The 2023 State of Housing in Harris County and Houston report presents a portrait of renting in Houston and Harris County—renters’ demographic patterns, the types of rental units they occupy, the affordability gap toward homeownership, and the geography of evictions. The report also explores the role of institutional investors and their growing presence in the local rental market, followed by an assessment of the cost pressures faced by renters. Finally, the report details the quality of rental structures and questions of rental habitability in Harris County and Houston and where these issues may be concentrated in some neighborhoods.
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    Understanding the Effect of HISD’s EMERGE Program on Student Outcomes
    (Rice University, 2023) Holzman, Brian; Thrash, Courtney; Chukhray, Irina
    This brief looks at the impact of HISD's EMERGE program on students' likelihood to apply to and enroll in a selective college.
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    Staying in the Neighborhood: Examining Distance to Zoned Schools and Access to Transportation
    (Rice University, 2023) Molina, Mauricio; Baumgartner, Erin; Bao, Katharine
    The Houston Independent School District's current busing policy states that students are eligible for transportation services to and from their zoned school if they reside two or more miles from that school. Within the context of HISD’s transportation policy, this brief aimed to better understand how a student's proximity to a zoned school and access to district-funded transportation impacted whether students opted to attend their zoned school or a different school.
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    Study on Social and Emotional Skills
    (Rice University, 2023) Ying, Ming; Szabo, Julia; Baumgartner, Erin; Kinder Institute for Urban Research
    The Study of Social and Emotional Skills (SSES) is an international effort led by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The Houston Independent School District (HISD) served as the only U.S. site for this study. Over 6,400 10-year-old and 15-year-old students from 119 HISD schools participated in the SSES in the fall of 2019. This series of briefs looks at how social and emotional skills are related to academic outcomes, absenteeism, and exclusionary discipline; the context of SSES skills; and the commonalities and differences between students’ self-ratings and teachers’ ratings of students’ SE skills.
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    Long-term English learners: How is timing of reclassification associated with middle and high school outcomes?
    (Rice University, 2022) Cashiola, L.; Cigarroa Kennedy, C.; Molina, Mauricio; Ma, H.; Varghese, L.
    The purpose of this brief is to examine middle and high school outcomes of long-term English learners in the Houston region, with a specific focus on how the timing of reclassification—when an EL student is reclassified as English proficient—was associated with academic achievement and school engagement.
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    HISD Student Needs Survey: Fall 2021
    (Rice University, 2022) Cigarroa Kennedy, C.; Stroub, K.
    HISD's student needs survey was administered in December 2021 and January 2022 to all HISD students in two age groups: Grades 3-6 and Grades 7-12. In total, the survey asked respondents to identify needs across five categories: health, mental health, basic needs, home learning environment and enrichment activities. Recommendations and briefs summarizing student, parent and campus survey findings are available.
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    Problems with How Texas Measures Continuous Enrollment and Proposed Solutions: A Methodological Report
    (Rice University, 2022) Nguyen, D.; Gill, P.; Potter, Daniel
    Texas' current definition of continuous enrollment suggests a level of stability in schools that does not align with the lived experiences of students and teachers. This report proposes alternative definitions that identify a smaller percentage of students as continuously enrolled. It also looks at the relationship between student continuous enrollment and performance.
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    The 2022 State of Housing in Harris County and Houston Kinder Houston Area Survey: At the Forefront of a Changing America
    (Rice University, 2022) Park, John; Sherman, Stephen Averill; Guajardo, Luis; Fulton, William; Kinder Institute for Urban Research
    The third annual State of Housing report documents a rapidly changing housing environment in Houston and Harris County. Due to delays in data released from the U.S. Census and the American Communities Survey, the 2022 report relied more on data from other sources, especially the Houston Associations of Realtors (HAR) and the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA). The HAR data, in particular, helped us understand the dramatic changes in the home ownership market, especially rising prices and low inventory. The HMDA data provided us with rich insight into trends in home mortgages.
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    Harris County Winter Storm Uri Resilience Assessment in Harris County
    (Rice University, 2022) Kinder Institute for Urban Research; Kinder Institute for Urban Research
    This report provides a geographic analysis of damage caused by Winter Storm Uri and highlights the unmet needs it uncovered. Additionally, researchers analyzed the damage from three disaster events—Winter Storm Uri, COVID-19 and Hurricane Harvey—to better understand the impact of compounding crises. The report also includes a resilience assessment of both the housing stock and the population, to make sense of overlapping patterns that could underpin future disaster recovery programming and policy priorities. Lastly, focus group findings are included, conversations which were instrumental in analyzing Winter Storm Uri and Compounding Damage information.
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    Property Tax Equity in Harris County
    (Rice University, 2022) Fulton, William; Herlands, Julie
    The purpose of this study is to estimate the extent to which property taxes paid by City of Houston residents, businesses, and property owners financially support County services provided in Harris County outside the City of Houston.