The effect of shear on the thermal conductivity of non-Newtonian fluids
This work considers the effect of shear on the thermal conductivity of non-Newtonian fluids. These fluids display a variation of viscosity as a function of shear rate, and this study determines whether the thermal conductivity has a similar variation for these fluids. The experimental apparatus consisted of concentric cylinders immersed in a temperature-controlled water bath with the sample fluid situated in the gap between the cylinders. The outer cylinder was allowed to rotate to impart shear on the sample. The experimental method involved measuring the transient, temperature rise in the inner cylinder as heat is applied from the center of the cylinder. An interactive, transient, one-dimensional, finite-volume computer program was used to determine thermal conductivity from the experimental data. One of the non-Newtonian fluids tested, a mixture of bentonite clay in water, displayed a rise in thermal conductivity under shear that appeared to be a function of the square of the shear rate. The maximum rise was 6.8% above the zero-shear value at 100 s
Trevas, David Alexander. "The effect of shear on the thermal conductivity of non-Newtonian fluids." (1994) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/16780.