Rice University Research Repository

The Rice Research Repository (R-3) provides access to research produced at Rice University, including theses and dissertations, journal articles, research center publications, datasets, and academic journals. Managed by Fondren Library, R-3 is indexed by Google and Google Scholar, follows best practices for preservation, and provides DOIs to facilitate citation. Woodson Research Center collections, including Rice Images and Documents and the Task Force on Slavery, Segregation, and Racial Injustice, have moved here.


Recent Submissions

The Road From DSpace 6 to DSpace 7 and Beyond: Building (and Building on) Two Modern Digital Repositories at Rice University
(Rice University, 2024-06-03) Jin, Ying; Mulligan, John; Evans, Kenneth
In October 2023, the Digital Scholarship Services team in Fondren Library at Rice University upgraded its digital repository. The process was both challenging, rewarding, and instructive for our future work on digital collections. We took a mixed approach in which 27% of our content was moved to Quartex, which could be curated as digital cultural heritage, 11% was retired, and the remainder migrated from the DSpace 6.4 system to the new 7.6 deployment. We are now using our two new platforms’ APIs to enable a microservices-based approach to customized UI presentations for special collections, and semi-automatic metadata enrichment, and document submission workflows. This poster describes our preliminary attempts in this space on two collections: geo-located photographs of Chinese subway advertisements over two decades and the geographically dispersed papers relating to the United States President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology
The Houston-Semipalatinsk Healthcare Partnership: A Lesson in Science Diplomacy
(2024-07) Shridharan, Rishi; Laufman, Larry; Rozin, Sara; Weinberg, Armin
The 1995–99 Houston-Semipalatinsk Healthcare Partnership (HSP) was an international collaboration between healthcare institutions in Houston, Texas, and Semey, Kazakhstan (previously called Semipalatinsk). This partnership was established to create a synergistic exchange that would address public health needs identified by Kazakh institutions and that would be self-sustaining. Semey was the primary site of Soviet-era atomic bomb testing for over forty years, exposing millions of people to sustained radiation. When the Soviet Union was dissolved, Semey’s healthcare infrastructure was insufficient to care for the existing population, let alone deal with the added health effects of low-dose radiation. To address these challenges, the HSP was established with funding through the American International Health Alliance (AIHA), under a cooperative agreement with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Houston and Semey partners jointly formulated goals for healthcare reform and mobilized resources across institutions and governments. Through cultural, economic, educational, and technical exchange, the partnership afforded unique advantages as an international program of medical, scientific, and socioeconomic alliances. The many accomplishments of this partnership illustrate the efficacy of this collaborative approach and highlight the crucial need for government support of sustained programming to make transformative progress.
Additive manufacture-assisted method for making structural elements having controlled failure characteristics
(2024-06-18) Sajadi, Seyed Mohammad; Meiyazhagan, Ashok Kumar; Boul, Peter; Rahman, Muhammad; Thaemlitz, Carl; Ajayan, Pulickel; Rice University; Saudi Arabian Oil Company; United States Patent and Trademark Office
A process for making a layered multi-material structural element having controlled mechanical failure characteristics. The process includes the steps of: supplying a cementitious layer and forming a polymer layer on the cementitious layer by additive manufacture such that the polymer layer has a first thickness and the cementitious layer has a second thickness, wherein the polymer layer comprises a polymer and the cementitious layer comprises a cementitious material; and allowing the polymer from the polymer layer to suffuse into the cementitious layer for a period of time to obtain a suffused zone in the cementitious layer such that the suffused zone has a third thickness that is less than half the second thickness.
Methods of fabricating laser-induced graphene and compositions thereof
(2024-06-18) Tour, James M.; Chyan, Yieu; Arnusch, Christopher John; Singh, Swatantra Pratap; Li, Yilun; Luong X, Duy; Kittrell, Carter; Ye, Ruquan; Miller, Jordan; Kinstlinger, Ian; Cofer, Savannah; Rice University; B.G. Negev Technologies and Applications Ltd. at Ben-Gurion University; United States Patent and Trademark Office
Methods that expand the properties of laser-induced graphene (LIG) and the resulting LIG having the expanded properties. Methods of fabricating laser-induced graphene from materials, which range from natural, renewable precursors (such as cloth or paper) to high performance polymers (like Kevlar). With multiple lasing, however, highly conductive PEI-based LIG could be obtained using both multiple pass and defocus methods. The resulting laser-induced graphene can be used, inter alia, in electronic devices, as antifouling surfaces, in water treatment technology, in membranes, and in electronics on paper and food Such methods include fabrication of LIG in controlled atmospheres, such that, for example, superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic LIG surfaces can be obtained. Such methods further include fabricating laser-induced graphene by multiple lasing of carbon precursors. Such methods further include direct 3D printing of graphene materials from carbon precurors. Application of such LIG include oil/water separation, liquid or gas separations using polymer membranes, anti-icing, microsupercapacitors, supercapacitors, water splitting catalysts, sensors, and flexible electronics.
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Houston and Harris County Residents' Experiences with Perceived Crimes and Incidents Motivated by Bias and Prejudice
(Rice University Kinder Institute for Urban Research, 2024) Perez, Katherine; Potter, Daniel
Against a backdrop of concern for crime and low levels of hate crime reporting, residents in Houston and Harris County were asked about their experiences being the victim of a crime or other unwanted incident (or both), and whether they perceived those experiences being motivated by bias or prejudice towards one of their actual or perceived characteristics. Additionally, for residents who reported being the victim of a crime or incident they perceived as being motivated by bias or prejudice, they were also asked if they reported the incident to the police or other local law enforcement, and if not, what stopped them from reporting.