Optical Properties of Strongly Coupled Plasmon-Exciton Hybrid Nanostructures

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Strongly coupled plasmon-exciton hybrid nanostructures are fabricated and their optical properties are studied. The plasmonic and excitonic systems are gold nanoshells and J-aggregates, respectively. Gold nanoshells are tunable plasmonic core-shell nanoparticles which can sustain distinct dipole and quadrupole plasmons with resonant energies dependent on core-size/shell-thickness ratio. J-aggregates are organic semiconducting material with excitons that possess very high oscillator strength making them suitable for coherent interaction with other kinds of excitations. The J-aggregates are formed on the surface of the nanoshells when a water/ethanol (50:50) solution of the dye molecules (2,2'-dimethyl-8-phenyl-5,6,5',6'-dibenzothiacarbocyanine chloride) is added to an aqueous solution of nanoshells. These nanoshell-J-aggregate complexes exhibit coherent coupling between localized plasmons of the nanoshell and excitons of the molecular J-aggregates. Coherent coupling strengths of 120 meV and 100 meV have been measured for dipole and quadrupole plasmon interactions with excitons, respectively. Femtosecond time-resolved transmission spectroscopy studies are carried out in order to understand the possible sources of optical nonlinearities in the nanoshell-J-aggregate hybrid. Transient absorption of the interacting plasmon-exciton system is observed, in dramatic contrast to the photoinduced transmission of the pristine J-aggregate. An additional, transient Fano-shaped modulation within the Fano dip is also observable. The transient behavior of the J-aggregate-Au nanoshell complex is described by a combined one-exciton and two-exciton state model coupled to the nanoshell plasmon.

Doctor of Philosophy
Applied sciences, Pure sciences, Excitons, Nanoshells, Plasmons, Fano resonance, Nanoscience, Condensed matter physics, Nanotechnology

Fofang, Nche Tumasang. "Optical Properties of Strongly Coupled Plasmon-Exciton Hybrid Nanostructures." (2012) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/70241.

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